A Petite Polyploidy Primer
Whole-Genome Duplication - The doubling of the entire contents of genome through errors in meiosis (more common) or mitosis (less common).
Polyploid - A state in which a somatic cell contains more than two whole-number copies of its genome. Also used as an adjective to describe organisms whose cells fit that description.
Naming Polyploids - Greek prefixes denote the number of genome copies (e.g. diploid = two sets, triploid = three sets, tetraploid = four, etc., etc.)
Aneuploid - A state of being in which a cell's genome copies are not complete sets. An organism can also be aneuploid and polyploid.
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